Special Issue "Melanoma Epidemiology: Analytical Studies, Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Addressing Environmental Risk Factors and Preventive Measures"
Prof. Dr. Olaf Gefeller, Department of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Prof. Dr. Marit B. Veierød, Oslo Centre of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo
14 September 2020
We are guest editing a special issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH), "Melanoma Epidemiology: Analytical Studies, Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Addressing Environmental Risk Factors and Preventive Measures".
Studying the epidemiology of melanoma is a tricky endeavour as the risk of developing melanoma depends on environmental factors, host factors, lifestyle factors, genetic factors and their interactions. Among the environmental factors, exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun plays the most prominent role, but also other environmental factors, such as chemical exposures, may increase melanoma risk. Host factors like the skin phenotype and the number as well as the type of nevi are well established as risk factors for melanoma, but other factors are also discussed for which the evidence is less clear. Lifestyle factors such as exposure to artificial ultraviolet radiation when using sunbeds have been shown to be associated with melanoma risk. A variety of genetic factors including high-penetrant genes, moderate-risk genes, and low-risk genetic polymorphisms have been linked to melanoma development. The effects of the complex interplay between all these factors are an evolving area of current research. In addition, the effect of preventive measures to reduce the risk of melanoma is also a topic of specific interest in the current research. This Special Issue invites papers on all these aspects of melanoma epidemiology. The focus lies on environmental factors and their prevention, but other related topics may also be considered. Not only papers reporting original data from epidemiologic studies, but also systematic reviews and meta-analyses are welcome.